Freud-Argentina, May 7, 2006

by Bob Row

Freud_mateFull size/ Agrandar

This new caricature of Sigmund Freud (it’s the year of his 150 birthday) disguised as a Tango character was meant to illustrate this brief record of the Freudian history and influence in Argentina. The webmaster did not publish it, but the article itself deserves a reading.
Freudian terminology is not exotic to the general public here. Together with New York, Buenos Aires has the highest rate of psychoanalysts per inhabitant (4/1000). And Woody Allen is very successful too.
Freud was translated in Spain (as a German philosopher) in the twenties. Was brought as a medical practice at the beginning of the Second War by a republican basque exiled in France, at the suggestion of an Argentinian friend there. The two together with a fistful of European émigré and natives founded the first Association in 1942. Melanie Klein was the dominant reference as opposed to the influence of Anna Freud and the Psychology of the Self in The United States.
Jacques Lacan’s breaking-off with the International Association had an early echo in the sixties and by the eighties his books were sold by thousands. Some of his followers were forced into exile by the military dictatorship in the seventies and they brought back his influence into Spain as well as Mexico and other places.
The influence of freudian theories in Buenos Aires can be traced until a neurotic conflict of cultural identities in the ‘porteño’ (as B.A. inhabitants are called) psychology between to be an European or a South american. This was strengthened in the last decades by frequent political and economic instability.
Whatever, the zone of the quarter of Palermo popularly so-called ‘ Villa Freud’ (Town Freud) is very beautiful.

Esta nueva caricatura de Sigmund Freud (este es el año de su 150 cumpleaños) disfrazado como un personaje de tango se supuso para ilustrar este breve registro de la historia e influencia freudiana en la Argentina. El webmaster no lo publicó, pero el artículo en sí mismo merece una lectura.
La terminología freudiana no es exótica para el gran público aquí. Junto con Nueva York, Buenos Aires tiene el índice más alto de psicoanalistas por habitante (4/1000). Y Woody Allen es muy exitoso también.
Freud fue traducido en España (como un filósofo alemán) en los años veinte. Fue traído como una práctica médica a principios de la Segunda Guerra por un vasco republicano desterrado en Francia por la sugerencia de un amigo argentino. Los dos junto con un puñado de emigrés europeos y nativos fundaron la primera Asociación en 1942. Melanie Klein era la referencia dominante a diferencia de la influencia de Anna Freud y la Psicología del Yo en los Estados Unidos.
El rompimiento de Jacques Lacan con la Asociación Internacional tiene un eco temprano en los años sesenta y antes de los años ochenta sus libros eran vendidos por miles. Algunos de sus seguidores fueron forzados al exilio en los setenta por la dictadura militar y llevaron su influencia de vuelta a España así como a Mejico y otros lugares.
La influencia de las teorías freudianas en Buenos Aires puede ser remontada hasta un conflicto neurótico de identidades culturales en la psicología del porteño entre ser un europeo o un sudamericano. Esto se potencia en las décadas pasadas por la frecuente inestabilidad política y económica.
Como sea, la zona del barrio de Palermo popularmente llamada “Villa Freud” es muy hermosa.

3 Comments »

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  1. Bob, this illustration is just excellent. I love the humor and the style of execution. Did you say this was artists oils? Some areas like in the sleeve, are really transparent, like a glazing technique. Oh, so much to learn from here – I am going to stare at it for awhile. You draw anatomical things with such assurance – it’s something I need to practice quite a bit. Do you like to use a lot of layers, or do you prefer to paint on just one or two?Comment by Karen Winters — May 7, 2006 @ 9:54 pm
  2. Ah, I reread your post to me and saw that you are using pastels and blenders. That background paper really adds a great texture.Comment by Karen Winters — May 7, 2006 @ 9:58 pm
  3. Karen, as a matter of fact I employ the less layers I can, because of my old computer and the lack of memory. One for the sketch, one for the subject and the last for the background.
    I used artist oils in the head and vest (jacket). Then a light watercolor in the shirt (to avoid distraction from the face and become too heavy). The background took me a lot of try and erase. The original photography had a beatiful shade but I wasn’t sure about the palette, only about the canvas effect I wished; so, I employed the pastel brush in it.
    Then I used a free soft (PhotoImpact) for tonal correction, etc.Comment by Bob Row — May 8, 2006 @ 2:03 am
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